By Monda Halpern
Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm girls in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra revolutionary than their conservative photo has prompt. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm ladies adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that thinking about values and studies linked to girls and that emphasised the diversities among men and women, selling girl specificity, harmony, and separatism. those rules have been educated by way of farm women's overlapping roles as other halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males as a rule owned the "family farm", farm women's financial welfare depended mostly at the tender negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been strangely outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated ladies normally. And On That Farm He Had a spouse indicates how Ontario farm better halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly in the course of the domestic economics stream and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to private improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to assist others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted regardless of the dramatic adjustments in rural existence at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will entice students and scholars of Canadian historical past, women's historical past, and rural stories, in addition to to basic readers attracted to a missed tale of Ontario's previous.
Read or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Extra info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
Why not on the farm? ”99 The disparity between the economic treatment of farm daughters and sons intensified the resentment of daughters. It prompted one outspoken woman to proclaim that “the girls who stay at home should be paid for their services. Why not? When the son comes of age, if he stays at home, he enters into a business like agreement with his father as to the wages he shall receive, and is not regarded as mercenary in the least. Why should the daughter be regarded as a minor child, a ward of her father or of some male relative, till legally delivered over into the care and keeping of her husband?
Fm Page 33 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 33 Gender Conflict on the Farm machinery for women has not kept pace with labor-saving equipment so rapidly coming to farms. We have a lot of bank barns with warm, comfortable stables … yet a furnace that would keep every room in the house at a livable temperature is a rare luxury in many neighborhoods. Every year sees more well-ventilated, well-lighted stables, but it seems a lot of trouble to cut an extra window in an old house. … More and more we find running water in the barn for cattle, while the water for the house is still pumped and carried from the well.
She must either marry or go to a factory or domestic service. … Think of the shame and disgrace of being forced into a marriage for the sake of a home. ” They suggested that if fathers “cannot leave their daughters enough to keep them, they should at least take a little and provide them with the means of learning some life-work. ”114 Both farm wives and daughters did more than lament their mistreatment by farm men. Wives, for example, employed various strategies to guarantee that they exerted influence and agency on the farm.