By Peter B. Golden
Read or Download An Introduction to the History of the Turkic Peoples: Ethnogenesis and State-Formation in Medieval and Early Modern Eurasia and the Middle East PDF
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the History of the Turkic Peoples: Ethnogenesis and State-Formation in Medieval and Early Modern Eurasia and the Middle East
Archaeological finds indicate sophisticated patterns of tracte with bath east (China) and west (Iran). To the east of this region, in the area of TransBaikal-Northern Mongolia, there were also horse-riding, stockbreeding populations of Mongoloid somatic type which appear to have moved from hunting-gathering to nomadism. Although they possessed a distinct culture, nomadism, as well as other elements, may well have been borrowed from populations to their west. Here too, we find a well-developed metallurgy.
Z: r, s: 1, q > x-/y-/0) Modem Population: 1,751,366 (Middle Volga, Cuva5 ASSR, USSR) Another system, for the modern Turkic languages, is that recently proposed by Talât Tekin, based on the treatment of severa! Oaq ("foot"), yasil ("green"), taghg ("having mountains"), a~z ("mouth"), si'iz ("word"), qos- ("to run"), yil "year"), bir- ("to give"), kel- ("to come"), yol ("road"), toquz ("nine"), qal- ("to remain"), eb ("domicile") : 1. r/l grouping [CuvaS] II. hadaq grouping [Xalac] III. atax grouping [Yaqut] IV.
Based on the movement of bellicose nomads. 25 Thus, the chronology and geography of these events is by no means certain. , lndo-European unity gradually appears to have come to an end. Clearly, sorne groups moved off earlier than others, later reestablishing contact with sorne groups. It is unclear when and by what route the ancestors of Tokharian, which shows closest linguistic affinities to the Western lndo-European languages, migrated to Eastern Turkistan. C. g. Arch. Chin. B. *miat, Chin. k'üan "dog," Old Chin.