By Angela Terrill
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Extra info for A grammar of Lavukaleve: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands
It is not clear whether this is an accidental or motivated gap. 32 2 - PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOPHONOLOGY Reduplication has been found most frequently on verbs, but also on nouns, adjectives and adverbial particles in the corpus. The exact shape which reduplication takes depends partly on the syllabic form of the word to which it applies. There are three types of partial reduplication, and full reduplication also occurs. Partial reduplication can take the shape of reduplication of an initial CV, CVV or CVCV: · · · CV reduplication: le ÔseeÕ le-le; namu ÔshakeÕ na-namu; haua Ôcare forÕ ha-haua; telako ÔoneÕ te-telako; rongea ÔplayÕ ro-rongea; kiu ÔfightÕ ki-kiu CVV reduplication: rao ÔsurroundÕ rao-rao; veo ÔarriveÕ veo-veo; ria Ôbe crossÕ ria-ria CVCV reduplication: namu ÔshakeÕ namu-namu; hului Ôgo roundÕ hulu-hului; ruvale ÔhugeÕ ruva-ruvale Full reduplication also occurs, but only in the following two adverbs in the corpus: karial Ôslowly, gentlyÕ karial-karial, rikai ÔslowlyÕ rikai-rikai.
Constituent order in Lavukaleve is fixed: SV/AOV. Departures from this norm are rare; an argument which is an afterthought can be postposed. Preposing and postposing for emphasis do not occur in Lavukaleve; these pragmatic functions are carried out instead by focus constructions. Focus is a central part of Lavukaleve morpho-syntax. It is heavily grammaticalised into clause structure, and extremely frequent in discourse. Roughly one third of all clauses have some kind of grammatical focus construction.
2 One might expect that identical vowel sequences distinguished only by stress, /'aa/ vs. /a'a/ would occur. As it happens, there are no examples of such sequences as /a'a/ in the data. It is not clear whether this is an accidental or motivated gap. 32 2 - PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOPHONOLOGY Reduplication has been found most frequently on verbs, but also on nouns, adjectives and adverbial particles in the corpus. The exact shape which reduplication takes depends partly on the syllabic form of the word to which it applies.