A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : by Hidemitsu Takahashi

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By Hidemitsu Takahashi

1. record of figures, pics; 2. checklist of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. creation, p1-20; 6. 2. gazing English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The which means of the English significant, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for the various findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined vital structures: Passive, revolutionary, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. jap imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and clients, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. facts resources, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242

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133) b. Just tell me what you did with the brief.  (Pelican, p. 135) c. Look, Darby, tell me where you want to meet right now, …  (Pelican, p. 212) Chapter 2. Observing English imperatives in action d. Tell me what he’s doing.  e. Well, tell us what’s happening.  (Pelican, p. 394) (Sky, p. 306) Given these data, the combination tell me~ can be considered a highly conventional means for allowing the speaker to obtain the type of information he or she needs directly from the addressee. ” (13c) and so on.

First, the English imperative is most frequent with the verbs let’s, tell, and let – more than 100 tokens (out of 1774), followed by look (98 tokens). The next most frequent are such common verbs as come, get, take, be, go, give, do, forget, listen, wait, and make. Second, some imperative verbs or verb phrases are frequently used as interjections or discourse-organizational markers, as in let’s say, let me guess, look, listen, and come on (or c’mon) as well as believe me and trust me. Third, the motion verb come seems severely limited as to metaphorical usage in imperatives, although this verb generally abounds in metaphor in declaratives (cf.

Sky, p. 41) [Clergyman to a young girl seeking help] “Father, Tim,” he corrected her with a grin. ” “Let’s go talk somewhere,” he said calmly, weaving in and out of half a dozen children chasing each other around the main lobby.  (Malice, p. 216) c. “Hope you didn’t run into much trouble getting Monday off,” Sheridan said. ”  (Deception, p. 107) d. Rachel suggested, “There’s a marvelous restaurant called the Straits of Malaya. ” As if she really cares. ” Jeff smiled. “Fine. ” Rachel said, “it’s only a few blocks from here.

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